modification, which had been avoided among the majority of graffiti artists. Doi :.1177/ Schreck, Carl. Also if a tag of this youth group or gang is placed on a building occupied by asylum seekers, for example, its racist character is even stronger. Another graffiti artist can go over a piece in a matter of minutes with a simple throw-up. 21 Later, French soldiers carved their names on monuments during the Napoleonic campaign of Egypt in the 1790s.