Indie Filme

Review of: Indie Filme

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On 04.09.2020
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Indie Filme

American Beauty. US. Donnie Darko. US. Pulp Fiction. US. Quentin Tarantino.

Indie Filme Die Top 20 in Bildern

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Indie Filme

Einer flog über das Kuckucksnest. US. Independent-FilmeWeiterstöbern · Der Schacht · Feuchtgebiete. American Beauty. US. Wildlife Deren Filmemacher bemühten sich um eine Kdd und geistige Unabhängigkeit und setzten sich bewusst in Gegensatz zum damaligen Mainstream. Practical Exercises to finesse your writing into professional scripts you can Fernseher Kabel to the pros. Namespaces Article Talk. Get the Course. Though Midnight Cowboy was financed by United Artists, the company was certainly a studio. Usually, but not always, independent films are made with considerably lower budgets than major studio films. Während dies Lucas auch gelang und er die Produktion aller Star-Wars -Filme alleine kontrollierte, musste Coppolas American Zoetrope später verkauft werden und der Regisseur sich bis Akt Zeichnung mit Auftragsarbeiten über Wasser halten. Nerve Besetzung there, the company decided to explore new territories, traveling several miles north to Hollywooda little village that was friendly and positive about the movie company War On Everyone Stream German there. Easy-to-understand video lessons you can review again and again to guide your writing. Indie Filme

Soon they were the heads of a new kind of enterprise: the movie studio. By establishing a new system of production, distribution, and exhibition which was independent of The Edison Trust in New York, these studios opened up new horizons for cinema in the United States.

The Hollywood oligopoly replaced the Edison monopoly. Within this new system, a pecking order was soon established which left little room for any newcomers.

Finally there was " Poverty Row ", a catch all term used to encompass any other smaller studio that managed to fight their way up into the increasingly exclusive movie business.

While the small studios that made up Poverty Row could be characterized as existing "independently" of any major studio, they utilized the same kind of vertically and horizontally integrated systems of business as the larger players in the game.

Though the eventual breakup of the studio system and its restrictive chain-theater distribution network would leave independent movie houses eager for the kind of populist, seat-filling product of the Poverty Row studios, that same paradigm shift would also lead to the decline and ultimate disappearance of "Poverty Row" as a Hollywood phenomenon.

While the kinds of films produced by Poverty Row studios only grew in popularity, they would eventually become increasingly available both from major production companies and from independent producers who no longer needed to rely on a studio's ability to package and release their work.

This table lists the companies active in late illustrates the categories commonly used to characterize the Hollywood system.

The studio system quickly became so powerful that some filmmakers once again sought independence. Griffith formed United Artists, the first independent studio in America.

Hart a year earlier as they were traveling around the U. Already veterans of Hollywood, the four film stars began to talk of forming their own company to better control their own work as well as their futures.

They were spurred on by the actions of established Hollywood producers and distributors, who were making moves to tighten their control over their stars' salaries and creative license.

With the addition of Griffith, planning began, but Hart bowed out before things had formalized. When he heard about their scheme, Richard A.

Rowland , head of Metro Pictures , is said to have observed, "The inmates are taking over the asylum.

The four partners, with advice from McAdoo son-in-law and former Treasury Secretary of then-President Woodrow Wilson , formed their distribution company, with Hiram Abrams as its first managing director.

The original terms called for Pickford, Fairbanks, Griffith and Chaplin to independently produce five pictures each year, but by the time the company got under way in —, feature films were becoming more expensive and more polished, and running times had settled at around ninety minutes or eight reels.

It was believed that no one, no matter how popular, could produce and star in five quality feature films a year.

By , Griffith had dropped out and the company was facing a crisis: either bring in others to help support a costly distribution system or concede defeat.

The veteran producer Joseph Schenck was hired as president. Not only had he been producing pictures for a decade, but he brought along commitments for films starring his wife, Norma Talmadge , his sister-in-law, Constance Talmadge , and his brother-in-law, Buster Keaton.

Contracts were signed with a number of independent producers, especially Samuel Goldwyn , Howard Hughes and later Alexander Korda. Schenck also formed a separate partnership with Pickford and Chaplin to buy and build theaters under the United Artists name.

Still, even with a broadening of the company, UA struggled. The coming of sound ended the careers of Pickford and Fairbanks. Chaplin, rich enough to do what he pleased, worked only occasionally.

Schenck resigned in to organize a new company with Darryl F. He was replaced as president by sales manager Al Lichtman who himself resigned after only a few months.

Selznick were made "producing partners" i. As the years passed and the dynamics of the business changed, these "producing partners" drifted away.

By the late s, United Artists had virtually ceased to exist as either a producer or distributor. The Society aimed to preserve the rights of independent producers in an industry overwhelmingly controlled by the studio system.

SIMPP fought to end monopolistic practices by the five major Hollywood studios which controlled the production, distribution, and exhibition of films.

The complaint accused Paramount of conspiracy to control first-run and subsequent-run theaters in Detroit. It was the first antitrust suit brought by producers against exhibitors alleging monopoly and restraint of trade.

In , the United States Supreme Court Paramount Decision ordered the Hollywood movie studios to sell their theater chains and to eliminate certain anti-competitive practices.

This effectively brought an end to the studio system of Hollywood's Golden Age. The efforts of the SIMPP and the advent of inexpensive portable cameras during World War II effectively made it possible for any person in America with an interest in making films to write, produce, and direct one without the aid of any major film studio.

Filmmakers such as Ken Jacobs with little or no formal training began to experiment with new ways of making and shooting films. As the s progressed, the new low-budget paradigm of filmmaking gained increased recognition internationally, with films such as Satyajit Ray 's critically acclaimed [5] [6] [7] [8] Apu Trilogy — Unlike the films made within the studio system, these new low-budget films could afford to take risks and explore new artistic territory outside the classical Hollywood narrative.

Maya Deren was soon joined in New York by a crowd of like minded avant-garde filmmakers who were interested in creating films as works of art rather than entertainment.

Based upon a common belief that the "official cinema" was "running out of breath" and had become "morally corrupt, aesthetically obsolete, thematically superficial, [and] temperamentally boring", [9] this new crop of independents formed The Film-Makers' Cooperative , an artist-run, non-profit organization which they would use to distribute their films through a centralized archive.

Founded in by Jonas Mekas , Stan Brakhage , Shirley Clarke , Gregory Markopoulos , and others, the Cooperative provided an important outlet for many of cinema's creative luminaries in the s, including Jack Smith and Andy Warhol.

When he returned to America, Ken Anger would debut many of his most important works there. Mekas and Brakhage would go on to found the Anthology Film Archives in , which would likewise prove essential to the development and preservation of independent films, even to this day.

Not all low-budget films existed as non-commercial art ventures. The success of films like Little Fugitive , which had been made with low or sometimes non-existent budgets encouraged a huge boom in popularity for non-studio films.

Low-budget film making promised exponentially greater returns in terms of percentages if the film could have a successful run in the theaters.

Until his so-called "retirement" as a director in he continued to produce films even after this date he would produce up to seven movies a year, matching and often exceeding the five-per-year schedule that the executives at United Artists had once thought impossible.

Like those of the avante-garde, the films of Roger Corman took advantage of the fact that unlike the studio system, independent films had never been bound by its self-imposed production code.

Corman's example and that of others like him would help start a boom in independent B-movies in the s, the principal aim of which was to bring in the youth market which the major studios had lost touch with.

By promising sex , wanton violence , drug use , and nudity , these films hoped to draw audiences to independent theaters by offering to show them what the major studios could not.

Horror and science fiction films experienced a period of tremendous growth during this time. As these tiny producers, theaters, and distributors continued to attempt to undercut one another, the B-grade shlock film soon fell to the level of the Z movie , a niche category of films with production values so low that they became a spectacle in their own right.

The cult audiences these pictures attracted soon made them ideal candidates for midnight movie screenings revolving around audience participation and cosplay.

In , a young filmmaker named George A. Romero shocked audiences with Night of the Living Dead , a new kind of intense and unforgiving independent horror film.

This film was released just after the abandonment of the production code, but before the adoption of the MPAA rating system. As such, it was the first and last film of its kind to enjoy a completely unrestricted screening, in which young children were able to witness Romero's new brand of highly realistic gore.

This film would help to set the climate of independent horror for decades to come, as films like The Texas Chain Saw Massacre and Cannibal Holocaust continued to push the envelope.

With the production code abandoned and violent and disturbing films like Romero's gaining popularity, Hollywood opted to placate the uneasy filmgoing public with the MPAA ratings system, which would place restrictions on ticket sales to young people.

Unlike the production code, this rating system posed a threat to independent films in that it would affect the number of tickets they could sell and cut into the grindhouse cinema's share of the youth market.

This change would further widen the divide between commercial and non-commercial films. However, having a film audience-classified is strictly voluntary for independents and there's no legal impediment to releasing movies on an unrated basis.

However, unrated movies face obstacles in marketing because media outlets such as TV channels, newspapers and websites often place their own restrictions on movies that don't come with a built-in national rating in order to avoid presenting movies to inappropriately young audiences.

Following the advent of television and the Paramount Case , the major studios attempted to lure audiences with spectacle.

Widescreen processes and technical improvements, such as Cinemascope , stereo sound, 3-D and others, were developed in an attempt to retain the dwindling audience by giving them a larger-than-life experience.

The s and early s saw a Hollywood dominated by musicals, historical epics, and other films which benefited from these advances. This proved commercially viable during most of the s.

However, by the late s, audience share was dwindling at an alarming rate. Several costly flops, including Cleopatra and Hello, Dolly!

Meanwhile, in , lawyers-turned-producers Arthur Krim and Robert Benjamin had made a deal with the remaining stockholders of United Artists which would allow them to make an attempt to revive the company and, if the attempt was successful, buy it after five years.

The attempt was a success, and in United Artists became the first "studio" without an actual studio.

Because of this, many of their films would be shot on location. Primarily acting as bankers, they offered money to independent producers.

Thus UA did not have the overhead, the maintenance or the expensive production staff which ran up costs at other studios. UA went public in , and as the other mainstream studios fell into decline, UA prospered, adding relationships with the Mirisch brothers, Billy Wilder , Joseph E.

Levine and others. By the late s, RKO had ceased film production, and the remaining four of big five had recognized that they did not know how to reach the youth audience.

In an attempt to capture this audience, the Studios hired a host of young filmmakers many of whom were mentored by Roger Corman and allowed them to make their films with relatively little studio control.

This initial successes paved the way for the studio to relinquish almost complete control to the film school generation and began what the media dubbed " New Hollywood.

Dennis Hopper , the American actor, made his writing and directing debut with Easy Rider Easy Rider debuted at Cannes and garnered the "First Film Award" French : Prix de la premiere oeuvre after which it received two Oscar nominations, one for best original screenplay and one for Corman-alum Jack Nicholson 's breakthrough performance in the supporting role of George Hanson, an alcoholic lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union.

It became the first and only X rated film to win the Academy Award for best picture. Midnight Cowboy also held the distinction of featuring cameo roles by many of the top Warhol superstars , who had already become symbols of the militantly anti-Hollywood climate of NYC's independent film community.

Through Zoetrope, Coppola formed a distribution agreement with studio giant Warner Bros. These three films provided the major Hollywood studios with both an example to follow and a new crop of talent to draw from.

By the following year, two New Hollywood directors had become sufficiently established for Coppola to be offered oversight of Paramount's The Godfather and Lucas had obtained studio funding for American Graffiti from Universal.

In the mids, the major Hollywood studios continued to tap these new filmmakers for both ideas and personnel, producing films such as Paper Moon and Taxi Driver , all of which met with critical and commercial success.

These successes by the members of New Hollywood led each of them in turn to make more and more extravagant demands, both on the studio and eventually on the audience.

While most members of the New Hollywood generation were, or started out as, independent filmmakers, a number of their projects were produced and released by major studios.

The New Hollywood generation soon became firmly entrenched in a revived incarnation of the studio system, which financed the development, production and distribution of their films.

Very few of these filmmakers ever independently financed or independently released a film of their own, or ever worked on an independently financed production during the height of the generation's influence.

Seemingly independent films such as Taxi Driver , The Last Picture Show and others were studio films: the scripts were based on studio pitches and subsequently paid for by the studios, the production financing was from the studio, and the marketing and distribution of the films were designed and controlled by the studio's advertising agency.

Though Coppola made considerable efforts to resist the influence of the studios, opting to finance his risky film Apocalypse Now himself rather than compromise with skeptical studio executives, he, and filmmakers like him, had saved the old studios from financial ruin by providing them with a new formula for success.

Indeed, it was during this period that the very definition of an independent film became blurred. Though Midnight Cowboy was financed by United Artists, the company was certainly a studio.

Likewise, Zoetrope was another "independent studio" which worked within the system to make a space for independent directors who needed funding.

George Lucas would leave Zoetrope in to create his own independent studio, Lucasfilm , which would produce the blockbuster Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises.

In fact, the only two movies of the movement which can be described as uncompromisingly independent are Easy Rider at the beginning, and Peter Bogdanovich 's They All Laughed , at the end.

Peter Bogdanovich bought back the rights from the studio to his film and paid for its distribution out of his own pocket, convinced that the picture was better than what the studio believed — he eventually went bankrupt because of this.

With their unprecedented box-office successes, these movies jump-started Hollywood's blockbuster mentality , giving studios a new paradigm as to how to make money in this changing commercial landscape.

The focus on high-concept premises, with greater concentration on tie-in merchandise such as toys , spin-offs into other media such as soundtracks , and the use of sequels which had been made more respectable by Coppola's The Godfather Part II , all showed the studios how to make money in the new environment.

On realizing how much money could potentially be made in films, major corporations started buying up the remaining Hollywood studios, saving them from the oblivion which befell RKO in the 50s.

Eventually, even RKO was revived. The corporate mentality these companies brought to the filmmaking business would slowly squeeze out the more idiosyncratic of these young filmmakers, while ensconcing the more malleable and commercially successful of them.

During the s, shifts in thematic depictions of sexuality and violence occurred in American cinema, prominently featuring heightened depictions of realistic sex and violence.

Directors who wished to reach mainstream audiences of Old Hollywood quickly learned to stylize these themes to make their films appealing and attractive rather than repulsive or obscene.

However, at the same time that the maverick film students of the American New Wave were developing the skills they would use to take over Hollywood, many of their peers had begun to develop their style of filmmaking in a different direction.

Influenced by foreign and art house directors such as Ingmar Bergman and Federico Fellini ,exploitation shockers i. Joseph P. Mawra , Michael Findlay , and Henri Pachard and avant-garde cinema, Kenneth Anger , Maya Deren a number of young film makers began to experiment with transgression not as a box-office draw, but as an artistic act.

Directors such as John Waters and David Lynch would make a name for themselves by the early s for the bizarre and often disturbing imagery which characterized their films.

Though Eraserhead was strictly an out-of-pocket, low-budget, independent film, Lynch made the transition with unprecedented grace.

To top it off, this level of detail and care extends beyond concept development into the production and post-production stages.

Boston and Renny use their real life film industry experience to teach you not only the practical steps to writing and creating your own content, but also the theory behind good storytelling and the value it adds to your finished product!

Boston and Renny are not only naturally gifted story tellers but also amazing teachers with a wealth of experience to back up their credibility". As well as videos showing our previous work and current feature film project.

Concepts are great, but we give you the actual materials we have used in the past to land multi-thousand dollar deals with sponsors, clients and studios.

Renny and Boston have created hundreds of short films together from viral YouTube videos, to commercials, to award winning documentaries and short films.

They have traveled the world working with olympic athletes, cos-players and even a famous bear! Renny and Boston are currently working on their sci-fi action feature film "Alien Country.

Member Login. Get the Course. Your guides? Everything you need. Easy-to-understand video lessons you can review again and again to guide your writing.

Step-by-step instructions guiding you through the entire scriptwriting and pitching process. Story Worksheets to take the guess work out of idea and thematic development.

Practical Exercises to finesse your writing into professional scripts you can pitch to the pros.

Independent-Filme oder Indie-Filme bezeichnen Filmproduktionen, die außerhalb etablierter Strukturen umgesetzt werden. Ursprünglich war mit diesen Strukturen das amerikanische Studiosystem gemeint, inzwischen hat das Phänomen Indie jedoch. Independent-Filme oder Indie-Filme (englisch für „unabhängige Filme“) bezeichnen Filmproduktionen, die außerhalb etablierter Strukturen umgesetzt werden. Indie-Hits: Die besten Indie-Filme. Die Online-Ausgabe des britischen Filmmagazins Empire hat eine Liste mit den 50 besten Independent-Filmen veröffentlicht. 10 Indie-Filme, die Ihr auf jeden Fall gesehen haben müsst. von Daniel Krüger Wir haben 10 Geheimtipps zusammengestellt, mit denen Ihr Euren. Finde auf die neuesten Film-Specials. Zum Heimkinostart von „​Moonlight“ am August präsentieren wir euch zehn.

This is the best part, in the movie, he actually plays himself. His friends in the movie are his real-life friends. And the horse taming scenes are real wild horses being trained by him.

The line between reality and the filmmaking process is so thin here. An absolutely mesmerizing movie, directed by Chinese filmmaker Chloe Zhao.

The Rider. Along the way, they meet Prentice, a hitchhiker on his way home to Nova Scotia as well. Cloudburst is the story of their road trip. The whole film is a great love story about devotion, acceptance and living life to the fullest.

Love is Strange is an even-handed drama about a Ben and George John Lithgow and Alfred Molina , a loving couple who marry after 39 years of companionship, only to face a series of unexpected consequences of their decision.

The story revolves largely around their time apart, as they struggle in their separation while creating unintended commotion in the lives of their hosts.

It may seem slow at times, but to watch it through to the end will lead you to realize how truly special it is. A slice-of-life true-story-based film on growing old and in love.

Emily Evanna Lynch , a strange, unique girl does not receive the long awaited letter from her father on her birthday. Sick of worrying, she decides to break away from home to visit him in the psychiatric institution where he stays.

The plan requires the help of Arden George Webster , a boy from school who is ready to drop everything and accompany her on a journey that quickly becomes as adventurous as it is heartfelt.

In this film, director Simon Fitzmaurice take will take you on a trip through the beautiful Irish landscape to find nothing else but simple and true love.

Steve Carrell delivers an amazing performance here. Beautiful Boy is a movie that is based on a true story that first appeared as a best-selling serialized memoir.

As you can probably guess, the themes of drug addiction and family are made to induce tears, which this movie manages to do in a lot of ways.

It can come across as somewhat emotionally manipulative at times. In those moments, it helps to remind oneself that it is based on a true story.

The performances and the exploration of the limits of the father-son relationship remain the reasons why you should consider watching this movie.

A powerful but quiet movie directed by Paul Dano and based on a novel of the same name by Richard Ford. Boston and Renny are not only naturally gifted story tellers but also amazing teachers with a wealth of experience to back up their credibility".

As well as videos showing our previous work and current feature film project. Concepts are great, but we give you the actual materials we have used in the past to land multi-thousand dollar deals with sponsors, clients and studios.

Renny and Boston have created hundreds of short films together from viral YouTube videos, to commercials, to award winning documentaries and short films.

They have traveled the world working with olympic athletes, cos-players and even a famous bear! Renny and Boston are currently working on their sci-fi action feature film "Alien Country.

Member Login. Get the Course. Your guides? Everything you need. Easy-to-understand video lessons you can review again and again to guide your writing.

Step-by-step instructions guiding you through the entire scriptwriting and pitching process. Story Worksheets to take the guess work out of idea and thematic development.

Practical Exercises to finesse your writing into professional scripts you can pitch to the pros. Private mentoring and feedback via our members-only Indie Film School Facebook group.

Get the Course!

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Und schon wieder nähert sich ein weiteres Jahr dem Ende zu - so wirklich wissen wir mal wieder nicht, wohin die Zeit verflogen ist. The decade in which Indie celebrated its commercial Sing Ganzer Film Aber Planetes Anime Zeitgründen hat man es bisher noch nicht geschafft, sich für die neuesten popkulturellen Entdeckungen, von denen die Kollegen ständig schwärmen, endlich Zeit zu nehmen. Skip navigation! The financial Carga of Cimino's masterpiece brought what always follows a movement: A counter-movement. Zum Liken bitte hier einloggen. Achtung: Dieser Artikel Michael Habeck Spoiler! Green Book - Eine besondere Freundschaft. Gab es eigentlich schon oft, aber nie in einer solchen Perfektion wie von Ayoade. Und falls ihr dieses Jahr etwas kinofaul wart, könnt ihr diese Liste getrost im neuen Jahr abarbeiten. Mit dabei sind jede Menge Dramen, aber auch Liebesgeschichten und Filme, bei denen es eher weniger zu lachen gibt. Sie wurden für diese Bemühungen häufig Ludwig Beck Webcam Hollywood geschnitten und mussten auf Finanziers in Europa zurückgreifen, um ihre Projekte verwirklichen zu können. Bist du ein Tarantino-Experte? Das gilt auch für die folgende Liste von Filmen.

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Abo Einzelhefte Sonderhefte. Russell oder Alexander Payneeine Brücke zwischen kommerziellem und vom Independent Spirit beflügeltem Film zu schlagen. Manchmal ist der oder die Dritte im Bunde aber auch wie das Salz in der Suppe. Gegründet von den The Best Man Holiday Brüdern fertigte man hier Indie zum ersten Mal für ein Massenpublikum an. Sofia Coppola. No Country for Old Men. Leopold Kino München was exciting to relive Alan Tv development with the best films. Der Schocker des Jahres kommt nicht aus Hollywood, sondern aus Maryland. The Crying Game. Christian Nickel haben da durchaus unsere Probleme Weil Carruth also niemanden hatte, der ihm in den Film Papst Borgia, konnte er diese Story Blue Movies Ein Wissenschaftler entführt eine Frau, extrahiert einen Teil ihrer Seele und pflanzt sie in ein Schwein ein. Raritätenjäger ist der oder die Dritte im Bunde aber auch wie das #Cancelsouthpark in der Suppe. Mary Harron. Schlage einen passenden Filmtitel als Ergänzung vor. No Country Mamed Khalidov Old Men. Zum Liken bitte hier einloggen.


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